morphology of coriander slideshare

Fennel is used as stomachic, aromatic, diuretic, carminative, diaphoretic, as a digestive, pectoral, and flavouring agent. Catechin when treated with HCl produces phlorogucinol, which burns along with lignin to give purple or magenta colour. Soil and climate. When the crop in the first season is fully matured, the . Therefore, the . Native to southern India and Indonesia, turmeric is widely cultivated on the mainland and in the islands of the Indian Ocean. 1. The root is 4-10 cm in length and 1-3 cm in diameter at the crown. The plants are annual herb, which grow to a height of 1 to 3 feet high, slender, and branched. Oval in shape with five ridges Seed are light green to grey colour. 50 kg of "P" and 50 kg of "K" should be applied as a basal application. Coriander (/ k r i n d r, k r i n d r /; Coriandrum sativum) is an annual herb in the family Apiaceae.It is also known as Chinese parsley, dhania, kothmir, or cilantro (/ s l n t r o,- l n-/). All parts of the plant are edible, but the fresh leaves and the dried seeds (which are both an herb and a spice) are the parts most traditionally used in cooking. is 3rd largest seed spice in India after coriander and cumin. Fenugreek (Trigonella spp.) Coriander is also a rich source of calcium, protein, phosphorus, vitamin C, A, B1, B2, B3, magnesium, and other substances. MORPHOLOGY OF FLOWERING PLANTS Morphology: The study of various external features of the organism is known as morphology. CLASSIFICATION OF PLANTS. A. Adaptation: Any alteration in the structure or function of an organism or any of its part that results from natural selection and by which the organism becomes better fitted to survive and multiply in its environment. 2.2 Unorganised ( Acellular): Drugs are the products of plant, animal and mineral sources like- . 3.Chemical classification D. Aconite has Red brown bark. In cabbage, during seed production, three methods have been followed to facilitate flowering and seed production. Chickpea is an herbaceous annual plant which branches from the base. Depending upon their life span, plants are classified as -. 1.Stump method. Physical description. Gastrointestinal (GI) cancer, a cancer of different organs of the digestive system, is one of the most common cancers around the world.

Volatile oil- Clove, Coriander, Fennel Tannins- Catechu, Tea Lipids- Beesax.

Upper portion shows inferior bilocular ovary and oil glands. It is bright reddish brown in colour. Coriander (Coriandrum sativum), also known as cilantro (coentro in Brazil) is an annual herb of the Apiaceae.It is widely cultivated and used as a condiment herb worldwide (Simpson and Connor-Ogorzaly 2001) and also in Brazil.Several fungal pathogens have been reported as causing leaf spots on coriander in Brazil (Farr and Rossman 2019) and Alternaria leaf spot is considered an important . The species name, ' sativum ' is Latin for cultivated, as this species has been grown for culinary purposes since Egyptian times. The tomato itself can vary in shape and size. Leaf Pitcher- In a few plants like Nepenthes, the leaf-lamina is modified into a pitcher-like structure. The coriander seeds are sown in dry weather either in March or in early autumn. C. Aconite has sweet taste. Morphology - (Morphe = form + logos = study). Chemical Constituents :- Anethole (Responsible for Sweet taste, 50 -60%) Fenchone ( Camphoraceous odour, bicyclic terpenes and optically active) Anisole (optical inactive)

fennel, (Foeniculum vulgare), perennial herb of the carrot family (Apiaceae) grown for its edible shoots, leaves, and seeds. Plants exhibit vividness in several . It deals with the study of forms and features of different plant organs like roots, stems, leaves, flowers, seeds, fruits etc. (ii) Drug consists of mostly small pieces, which are 2 to 15 cm long and 3 to 22 mm diameter. In this study, we investigated the pollen morphology of 30 species which are representatives of most of the crop plants in southern China, using a light microscope. excellent expectorant o it cause clearance of mucous from airways & relieves chest congestion. are sown by this method. and skinny, and rather flimsy.

PHARMACOGNOSY- Sources of Drugs: Cultures as sources of drugs, Biological, marine, mineral and plant tissue Classification of Drugs: Morphological, chemical and pharmacological classification of drugs, taxonomical Study of medicinally important plants belonging to the families with special reference to: Apocynacae, Papaveraceae, Solanaceae, Cruciferae, Rutaceae, Labiatae, Graminae . Fennel seed is a schizocarp. The other alkaloidal components are ajmalinine, ajmaline, ajmalicine (8-yohimbine . Our results show that the pollen grains of these species or genera can generally be identified by their size, aperture(s) and exine . 5. anti-lipidemic action o best cholesterol controlling drug by lowering the bad cholesterol and incresing the good cholesterol & prevents its accumulation in arteries. For this purpose, tannin extract is taken on match stick dipped in HCl and heated near the flame. The typical ripened tomato is red and round, but a tomato can vary in color from orange to yellow and even purple, as well as coming in more cylinder or tube looking shapes. It is oblong or curved shape. Long pepper (Piper longum), sometimes called Indian long pepper or thippali, is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning.Long pepper has a taste similar to, but hotter than, that of its close relative Piper nigrum - from which black, green and white pepper are obtained. it also 0.5-2.0% of alkaloid as chemical constituent. The flowers are in dense conelike spikes about 2.5 cm (1 inch) thick and 5 to 8 cm (2 to 3 inches) long that are composed . The flower bud consists of a subcylindrical hypanthium (swelling of the torus) forming the stalk', which is tapering at the lower end and crowned by four thick spreading sepals and a spherical 'head' of tightly packed petals.

Kino contains about 70-80% of kinotannic acid, kino-red, k-pyrocatechin (catechol), resin and gallic acid. Morphology . B. Acotinic acid. Kinoin is an insoluble phlobaphene and is produced by the action of oxydase enzyme. 3. Anethole may have estrogen-like activity and inhibit spasms in smooth muscles. Shallow drills, about 1/2 inch deep and 8 inches apart are made and the seeds are sown in it, the rate of germination is slow. The coriander seeds are sown in dry weather either in March or in early autumn. The following manure and fertilizer dose are recommended in turmeric cultivation: Well Decomposed farmyard manure of 25 tonnes should be applied during land preparation. Rauwolfia plants cannot tolerate temperature below 50C.

anti-spasmodic: it relieve spasms of git. All parts of the plant are edible, but the fresh leaves and the dried seeds (which are both an herb and a spice) are the parts most traditionally used in cooking. Coriander (/ k r i n d r, k r i n d r /; Coriandrum sativum) is an annual herb in the family Apiaceae.It is also known as Chinese parsley, dhania, kothmir, or cilantro (/ s l n t r o,- l n-/). Studies carried out on the chemical composition of the plant show that the most . lock Experiment No 7- To study morphology histology and powder characteristics and extraction and detection of Coriander fruits ; lock Experiment No 8- To isolate and detect Caffeine from tea dust ; lock Experiment No 9- To isolate . Classification of plants has solved the problem to a greater extent. Other Concepts from Ancient India Root: The most basic morpheme in a word or family of related words, consisting of an irreducible, arbitrary sound-meaning pairing: electricity, electrical, electric, electrify, Transplanting method.

Fruits - Fennel, Coriander, Dill Stems - Ephedra Hair and Fibres - Cotton, Hemp, Jute. turmeric, (Curcuma longa), perennial herbaceous plant of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae), the tuberous rhizomes, or underground stems, of which have been used from antiquity as a condiment, a textile dye, and medically as an aromatic stimulant. It is almost a small bush profusely branched, erect or spreading, reaching a height of 0.2-1 m, appearing glandular pubescent, olive, dark green or bluish green in color. Drilling or Line sowing: It is the dropping of seeds into the soil with the help of implement such as mogha, seed drill, seed-cum-ferti drill or mechanical seed drill and then the seeds are covered by wooden plank or harrow to have contact between seed & soil. A comparison of these to major groups is presented on the "Seed evolution" webpage. Leaf Bladder- In such plants, the segments of the leaves are modified into bladders. It is darker in colour than . The genus name Coriandrum derives from the Greek 'koriannon', from 'koris' meaning 'a bug' or 'bedbug', referring to the pungent smell from the leaves and unripe fruits ( Quattrocchi, 2012 ). This system of classification relies on the chemical similarity of a taxon, i.e. B. Aconite has bark brown.

Cinnamon is a hardy plant and tolerates a wide range of soil and climatic conditions. (iii) Pieces are cylindrical, slightly tapering and tortuous. It is wonderful herb to be used in Beriberi caused due to deficiency of B1. Lower stalk-like portion called 'hypanthium' upper 'crown' or 'cap' Hypanthium subcylindrical, slightly flattened and tapering below, 10-13 mm long, 4 mm wide, 2 mm thick. Because of the presence of catechin, black catechu gives pink or red colour with vanillin and HCl. Fennel can increase production of bile, used in the treatment of infant colic, to promote menstrua-tion in women, can increase lactation, act as . Cultivation care in Coriander Cultivation:-Should apply pre-emergence spray of herbicide Fluchloralin 700 ml in 500 liter of water/ha. The insect is digested into the inner walls of the pitcher which secretes a digestive fluid into the pitcher cavity. For cultivation rain must be enough and abundant in summer or it should have good irrigation. Identification of pollen grains of cultivated plants is essential in archaeobotanical studies. There are certain types of chemical constituents that A. Aconitine. it is based on the existence of relationship between constituents in various plants.

In this method the matured plants are uprooted and the outer whorls removed. All parts of the plant are aromatic and used in flavouring, and the bulblike stem base of . anti-bacterial and anti-septic o due In rainy season, crop hardly requires any irrigation. 2. black cumin, (Nigella sativa), also called black seed, black caraway, Roman coriander, kalonji, or fennel flower, annual plant of the ranunculus family (Ranunculaceae) grown for its pungent seeds, which are used as a spice and in herbal medicine. 6. N: P: K ratio should be 120:50:50 kg/ha. Shallow drills, about 1/2 inch deep and 8 inches apart are made and the seeds are sown in it, the rate of germination is slow. The incidence and death rate of some of these cancers are very high. Morphological: Drugs are divided into groups: a) Organized drugs : such as: leaves, flowers fruits, seeds, herbs, entire Various ginger types have been characterized in Malaysia, for example, the 'haliyabetai', the true ginger possessing pale-coloured rhizomes and . Objective(s): Garlic (Allium sativum L. family Liliaceae) is well known in Iran and its leaves, flowers, and cloves have been used in traditional medicine for a long time. belongs to the family Zingiberaceae, in the order Zingiberales of monocotyledons, which is composed of 50 genera and around 1500 species of perennial tropical herbs. Research in recent decades has shown widespread pharmacological effects of A. sativum and its organosulfur compounds especially Allicin. Basil is a member of the large mint family, or Lamiaceae family, along with other culinary herbs like rosemary, sage, and even lavender. coriander, ( Coriandrum sativum ), also called cilantro or Chinese parsley, feathery annual plant of the parsley family ( Apiaceae ), parts of which are used as both an herb and a spice. 7.Which of the following is major chemical constituents of Aconite ? It has useful effects in case of enlarged spleen. Reddish brown in colour. Rauwolfia contains about 0.7-2.4% total alkaloidal bases from which more than 80 alkaloids have been isolated. ), fat (20%). The structure, anatomy and morphology of mature seeds: an overview More general seed structural features: Seeds are the dispersal and propagation units of the Spermatophyta (seed plants): Gymnosperms (conifers and related clades) and Angiosperms (flowering plants). Leaves are imparipinnate, glandular-pubescent with 3-8 pairs of leaflets with rachis . - Veppa; Mar.

PDF | On Jan 1, 2016, Suresh K Malhotra published Research and Development of Seed Spices for Enhancement of Productivity and Profitability in the Era of Climate Change | Find, read and cite all . Coriander seeds have excellent aroma due to the presence of aromatic essential oil (linalool avarage 1.7%, Maximum contain is 2,6%. Long pepper also has preventive effects in stroke. The leafy stems of ginger grow about 1 metre (about 3 feet) high. 2. Morphology1,2 Plump is heavy, about 16-20 mm long. The prominent alkaloids isolated from the drug are reserpine, rescinnamine, -reserpine, rescidine, raubescine and deserpidine.

MORPHOLOGICAL STUDY. Cultivation: Its grows spontaneous in tropical forests (temp,10C to 40C) which are humid in summer at an altitude up to about 1200 metres. Ginger ( Zingiber officinale Rosc.) T he plant itself consists of one stem, which is long. It is believed that basil has origins in India, but the herb has been cultivated for over .

ADVERTISEMENTS: Synonyms: Hin.-Nira, nimb; Mal.

Pharmacognosy and phytochemistry - Introduction part 1 Page 6 9 Taxonomic classification 3. Although a large variety of chemotherapeutic agents have been introduced since the last few decades to combat GI cancer, most of them are very expensive and have side effects. 1.1.7. Native to the Mediterranean and Middle East regions, the plant is widely cultivated in many places worldwide for its culinary uses.

The quality depends on the weather conditions and regions of production.

Origins of Basil . Seed are 4-7 mm long and 0.2 mm diameter.

Cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum) (Family: Lauraceae) is one of the earliest known spice mainly cultivated for the dried inner bark of the tree.Cinnamon is a native of Sri Lanka and is cultivated in lower elevations of Western Ghats in Kerala and Tamil Nadu.. paddy, Sesamum, methi, coriander, etc. Salt tolerant plants exhibit the mechanism of ion compartment in vacuoles, salt resistance at genetic level and by the accumulation of compatible solutes in the cytoplasm.

(i) External features of roots and rhizomes are nearly similar but rhizomes can be made out by the presence of small central pith. Morphology. Native to southern Europe and Asia Minor, fennel is cultivated in temperate regions worldwide and is considered an invasive species in Australia and parts of the United States. the major chemical constituent of ephedra is ephedrine. Basil is called by many names like sweet basil or even Thai basil, but all of its common names refer to the herb's botanical name, Ocimum basilicum. It is 15 to 20 mm long, and possesses a strong spicy odour and pungent aromatic taste. Irrigation in Coriander Cultivation:- 1st irrigation should be given immediately after sowing and the second on the third day and subsequent irrigations at 6 to 10 days interval. The abundance of plants and their size from bacteria to huge trees make it difficult to study their morphological characters. Biological Source: Neem consists of the fresh or dried leaves and . Rauwolfia grows well in clays, acidic (pH-4 to 6) and . The black cumin plant is found in southwestern Asia and parts of the Mediterranean and Africa, where it has a long history of use in diverse culinary . (iv) Outer surface is greyish yellow, pale brown or brown. 25 The increased accumulation of carbohydrates glucose, sucrose, fructose and decrease in the content of starch with increased salinity was observed in all the five species of Coleus indicating the plant tolerance to stress . 2. The leaves are 15 to 30 cm (6 to 12 inches) long, elongate, alternate in two vertical rows, and arise from sheaths enwrapping the stem. After 1 month of planting apply 60 kg of "N". it shows anti-inflammatory,anti-cancer action. The production of a hybrid corn variety involves three steps: (1) the selection of superior plants; (2) selfing for several generations to produce a series of inbred lines, which although different from each other are each pure-breeding and highly uniform; and (3) crossing selected inbred lines. C. Neoline . The dried seeds, fresh and dried leaves and tender shoots are all consumed and are valued as food . During collection, drying and packing morphology of the drug changes ,then they are difficult to study. Macroscopical Characters of Clove. Still it is impossible to define precisely the plant body as made up of certain parts only. lock Experiment No 7- To study morphology histology and powder characteristics and extraction and detection of Coriander fruits ; lock Experiment No 8- To isolate and detect Caffeine from tea dust ; lock Experiment No 9- To isolate . Kinotannic acid is glucosidal tannin, whereas kino-red is anhydride of kinoin. Which of the following is false morphology characteristics of aconite ? - Limba, Oriya- Nimba; Tam- Vembu. Pippali is also strong longevity enhancer. The plants are annual herb, which grow to a height of 1 to 3 feet high, slender, and branched. Then the plants are replanted in a well prepared new field. Annuals - Complete their life cycle in one year or single growing . Chemical Constituents. The herb is found to have benefits against indigestion, diarrhea, gastric problem and stomach pain. Chemical Constituents . The size of the tomato also varies, as . In ancient times it was . Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) and long coriander (Eryngium foetidum L.) are commonly grown and used as important spices and medicinal plants in Vietnam.Our study recovered for the first time one of the most damaging tropical root-knot nematodes, Meloidogyne javanica, associated with these plants in the Western Highlands of Vietnam.In this study, M. javanica was characterized based on .

morphology of coriander slideshare